Know about 7 types of electrical cables at pioneer powers

Technology is becoming the need of the hour nowadays, and it is due to this almost everything is now becoming electric-power. And to get the proper and nonstop electrical supply we need to have better electrical cables and wires. In this blog, we are going to discuss electric cables and the types of electric cables.

Some might get confused about how different cables and wires, generally electric-powered cables and wires are the same but there are some differences in their features. A wire has a single electrical conductor, whereas an electrical cable has multiple wires encased in a single sheath; however, both are used to transport electrical current.

What is the electric cable?

Electric cable is any thick wire or group of wires with a plastic or rubber covering that is used to transport electricity for distribution to homes, businesses, and other locations. Electrical cables in electrical and electronic circuits are linked by means of connectors, a process is known as cable assembly.

Three basic parts make up a cable: a conductor, a dielectric, and a sheath. The conductor gives the current in the cable a path for conducting. The dielectric or insulation shields the live conductor from extraneous things and can sustain the service voltage. The sheath shields the cables from all outside impacts, including fire and chemical or electrochemical assaults, and prevents moisture from entering. All these parts make up different types of electric cables.

Types of Electric cables and their labeling

Electric cable labeling is highly important with the types of electric cables since it tells you what kind of insulation was used, how many cables are there, and how long they are. The plastic covering or insulation around the conducting wires is the most important label on a cable. THHN, THWN, THW, and XHHN are some of the labels that are frequently inscribed on cables. Each letter's meaning for each sort of label is shown below.

  • T: Thermoplastic insulation, a substance that resists fire.
  • H: Capable of withstanding temperatures of up to 167 F.
  • HH: Extremely heat-resistant; withstands temperatures as high as 194 F.
  • W: This wire is suitable for dry settings as well as those that are moist and wet.
  • X: Flame-resistant synthetic polymer-based insulation
  • N: Nylon-coated for protection against gasoline and oil

An electrical cable is a term for the cable that is used for the transmission and distribution of electric power. High-voltage transmission using these cables is typically done in places where overhead lines are impractical to utilize. There are many various types of electrical cables on the market, however, the following are the most common kinds.

  1. Non-metallic Sheathed cables:
  2. Non-metallic building wire cables and NM cables are other names for the non-metallic sheathing cable. These cables have two to four wires in flexible plastic jackets, as well as a bare wire for grounding. Applications for these electrical wires might be found underneath or outside. Non-metallic sheathed cables (NM-B & NM-C) are the most used type of electric cables.

  3. Underground feeder cables:
  4. Underground feeder cables are essentially similar to NM cables, with the exception that each wire is joined together and secured in a flexible material rather than being individually enclosed in thermoplastic. These cables are utilized in in-ground and outdoor lighting installations and come in several gauge sizes. The great water resistance of these cables makes them perfect for moist places like pumps, gardens, and air lighting.

  5. Metallic Sheathed cables:
  6. BX, or armored cables, is another name for metallic sheathed cables. These cables are typically used to provide huge appliances with electricity. These cables have three copper wires, one of which is used for current, one of which serves as a grounding wire, and one of which serves as a neutral wire.

    PVC bedding, black PVC sheathing, and cross-linked polyethylene are used to protect these wires. High-stress installations and outdoor applications typically use BX cables with steel wire sheathing.

  7. Multi-conductor cables:
  8. Multi-conductor cables are those that have more than one conductor in them. The word "multicore" is more typically used to designate this wire in Europe. These cables have twisted pairs of conductors with a minimum of two and a maximum of 100 or more. These cables' entire construction will vary depending on variables such as voltage, temperature, electrical performance, etc. These cables can be produced using a variety of shieldings, including braid, spiral, and foil.

  9. Co-axial cables:
  10. Also known as Heliax cables, coaxial cables consist of an insulating layer. This cable's inner conductor may be covered with an insulating layer and a tubular conducting shield. For added insulation, this cable has an exterior sheath. The word "coaxial" refers to a cable that divides a common geometric axis across its two shields. These cables connect video equipment and transmit TV signals.

  11. Unshielded Twisted pair cables:
  12. The transmission of signal and video applications, telephones, data networks, and security cameras all employ the unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cable, which consists of two wires that are twisted as one. UTP cables are more cost-effective than optical fibre or coaxial wires. These wires are also employed outside. Because they are adaptable to use on walls, UTP cables with solid copper cores and copper wires are preferred options.

  13. Direct buried cables:
  14. Direct buried cables, or DBCs, are specially constructed bundles of coaxial or fibre-optic cables. Before being buried, these wires don't require any additional plumbing, insulation, or sheathing. These cables have a hefty metalcore with a variety of banded metal wrapping layers, shock-absorbing gel, and thread-fortified tape covered in thick, waterproof rubber.

    These are the most commonly used types of electrical cables, if you are looking to buy an electrical cable for your electronic component make sure to visit us at www.pioneerpowers.com. We are the best and most authentic manufacturers of electrical components, getting the best-suited type of electric cables and wires from pioneer powers. All these wiring components are used for wiring in the domestic circuit.

    We at pioneer powers have the safest and best electrical cables and wires for your as well as your electronic components protection. We are the best dealers in electric cables and joints, as we have all types of electric cables. Make sure to visit our site for getting the best deal on electrical wires and cables.