Interested to Know Cables Types in Networking


Know all about Cables Types in Networking

Be it your office or house everybody is interested to know cables types in networking. Nobody wants to be left behind in using technology as everyone wants to be a champ in every field. Therefore, no doubt you must be surrounded by ethernet cables. But then what exactly are cables in networking?

To solve this issue we have brought an article so that you will be able to comprehend it easily. Firstly, let us know about the basic concept of network cabling.

What is Network Cabling?

The cable acts as a medium by which all information gets transmitted from one device to another. There is a certain number of cables that are frequently used with LANs. For instance, there are times when by using only one cable the networking gets established whereas there are other networks too which will occupy a set of cable types to function so it will vary on the demand of the customer.

So how cable types in networking are determined? The cable type of network is based on the network's topology, protocol, and size. For successful networking, the characteristics of different types of cable need to be comprehended, and how they relate to other aspects of networking plays another part.

We will guide you to make the right decision to choose the proper cables in networking at your disposal. So, if you are interested to know cable types in networking this is the right spot. Let us begin!

3 Cables Types in Networking:

Cables Types in Networking

  1. Fiber-optic Cable
  2. Fiber optic cabling has a center glass core which is surrounded by layers of protective materials manufactured from glass or plastic fibers. Plastic coating empowers the strength of cables and controls breakage. For eradicating the problem of electrical interference it transmits light rather than electronic signals which is favorable for certain environments. With the help of its immunity, it has made the standard for connecting networks between buildings.

    When compared to the rest two cables types in networking, coaxial and twisted pair, fiber optic cable can transmit signals over much more extended distances and can carry data at considerably greater rates. It helps to enlarge communication opportunities to include services such as video conferencing and interactive services. It is difficult to install and modify but on the other hand, the cost of fiber optic cabling is comparable to copper cabling.

There are 2 types of fiber-optic cables:

  • Single-mode fiber (SMF)–
  • This type of fiber optic cable is used for long-distance wiring. It makes use of only a single ray of light to carry information.

  • Multi-mode fiber (MMF)–
  • This type of fiber-optic cable is pocket friendly as compared to the SMF. It makes use of multiple rays of light to carry forward the information.

  • Twisted-pair Cable
  • Twisted-Pair Cabling is a type of cabling in which wire pairs are twisted together to block electromagnetic interference (EMI) from other wire pairs.

There are two types of twisted-pair cable:

  • Shielded Twisted Pair (STP) Cable-
  • Such cables are mostly founded in offices as it is commonly used by large firms. STP cables make use of a special type of copper telephone wiring for business installations. To the typical twisted pair of telephone wires, a grounding shield is added from the outside. It can be perfect if you want to set up cables in an area with potential interference and help to extend the space between the cables.

  • Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) Cable-
  • The telecommunications and computer industries frequently use unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cables as ethernet cables and phone wires. To eliminate electromagnetic interference (EMI) from outside sources, conductors in a single circuit are twisted around one another in a UTP cable.

  • Coaxial Cable
  • Coaxial Cable is made up of a single copper conductor which is placed at the center. A plastic layer between the center conductor and a braided metal shield furnishes insulation. The metal shield act as a barrier to outside interference from fluorescent lights, motors, and other computers. Although it is difficult to install, it is highly invulnerable to signal interference. Along with that, it can support greater cable lengths between network devices than twisted pair cables.

There are 2 cables types in networking of coaxial cabling:

  • Thin Coaxial Cable:
  • Mostly called a thinnet. 10Base-5 is a type of benchmark for implementing Ethernet networks. The name 10BASE2 is derived from several elements of the physical medium. The 10 denotes its transmission speed of 10 Mbit/s whereas the BASE is short for baseband signaling opposite to broadband, and the 2 stands for the maximum segment length of 200 meters. Here, 10Base2 refers to the description of a thin coaxial cable carrying Ethernet signals. It has gained popularity in school networks, particularly linear bus networks.

  • Thick Coaxial Cable:
  • Also known as thicknet. The name 10BASE5 is derived from several elements of the physical medium. The 10 denotes its transmission speed of 10 Mbit/s whereas the BASE is short for baseband signaling opposite to broadband, and the 5 stands for the maximum segment length of 500 meters. 10Base5 refers to the detailing of thick coaxial cable carrying Ethernet signals.

    It has an extra protective plastic cover which helps to keep them moisturized for the long run which can be availed in linear bus networks. One disadvantage of using thick coaxial is that it does not flex easily and is challenging to install. Now let us answer the frequently asked question by the customers to give you a clear understanding of the cables types in networking.

Frequently Ask Questions(FAQs):

  1. What are some common networking cables?
  2. An Ethernet cable enables users to connect their devices, such as laptops, smartphones, routers, etc., to a network that provides internet access. It also transmits broadband signals between the devices that are connected through it. Majorly three types of ethernet cables are used in LANs that are Coaxial cables, Twisted Pair cables, and Fiber optic cables.

  3. What are the three main types of network cables?
  4. There are three main types of network cables which are as follows:
    1. Fiber optic cable
    2. Coaxial cable
    3. Twister pair cable

  5. What type of cable is used in most networks?
  6. Cable types in networking many in the industry but most prominently used for networking are the four major cables which are Coaxial cables, Twisted Pair cables that include shielded twisted pair (STP) cable and unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cable , and lastly Fiber optic cables.